Voriconazole versus natamycin as primary treatment in fungal corneal ulcers.
Author(s): Arora R, Gupta D, Goyal J, Kaur R
Affiliation(s): Guru Nanak Eye Centre, New Delhi, India.
Publication date & source: 2011-07, Clin Experiment Ophthalmol., 39(5):434-40. Epub 2011 Jun 28.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of topical 1% voriconazole versus 5% natamycin in treatment of fungal corneal ulcers. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized pilot study in a tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients of microbiologically proven fungal keratitis divided randomly in two groups of 15 patients each. METHODS: Two groups were treated with either 5% natamycin (group A) or 1% voriconazole (group B) topically as a primary treatment for fungal keratitis. The mean size, depth of infiltrate and LogMAR visual acuity at presentation were comparable in both groups (P > 0.05). Patients were followed up for minimum of 10 weeks or till complete resolution of ulcer, whichever was later. Cultures to identify the causative organisms were performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Time of resolution of the ulcer. RESULTS: Twenty-nine of the total 30 patients showed complete resolution. Average time of resolution and gain in LogMAR visual acuity was 24.3 days and 1.12 in group A and 27.2 days and 0.77 in group B. These were comparable in the two groups (P > 0.05%). Aspergillus spp. (40%) and Curvularia spp. (30.0%) were found to be most common isolates. CONCLUSION: Topical 1% voriconazole was found to be safe and effective drug in primary management of fungal keratitis, its efficacy matching conventional natamycin. There was no added advantage of using topical 1% voriconazole over topical natamycin as primary treatment in fungal keratitis. (c) 2011 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (c) 2011 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.