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Moxifloxacin monotherapy versus beta-lactam-based standard therapy for community-acquired pneumonia: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Author(s): An MM, Zou Z, Shen H, Gao PH, Cao YB, Jiang YY

Affiliation(s): R&D Center of New Drugs, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, 325 Guo He Road, Shanghai 200433, PR China.

Publication date & source: 2010-07, Int J Antimicrob Agents., 36(1):58-65. Epub 2010 Apr 18.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Meta-Analysis; Randomized Controlled Trial

The aim of this study was to compare more conclusively the efficacy and safety of moxifloxacin, a new respiratory fluoroquinolone antibiotic, with beta-lactam-based standard therapy, which has been reported to possess good efficacy for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) identified in PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Embase was performed. Seven RCTs, involving 3903 patients, were included in the meta-analysis. Moxifloxacin monotherapy was associated with similar clinical treatment success rates [clinically evaluable population, odds ratio (OR)=1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.81-1.64; intention-to-treat population, OR=1.11, 95% CI 0.86-1.42] and similar mortality (OR=0.98, 95% CI 0.66-1.46) compared with beta-lactam-based standard therapy for CAP. Microbiological treatment success rates in the moxifloxacin group were significantly higher than in the beta-lactam-based therapy group with a statistical margin (OR=1.69, 95% CI 1.02-2.80). No difference was found regarding the incidence of adverse events and serious adverse events between moxifloxacin and beta-lactam-based standard therapy. This meta-analysis provides evidence that moxifloxacin not only can be used as effectively and safely as beta-lactam-based standard therapy for CAP but also possesses a favourable pathogen eradication rate. The once-daily dosing of moxifloxacin monotherapy may be a useful alternative for beta-lactam-based standard therapy. (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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