Efficacy of corticosteroid therapy in patients with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receiving ventilatory support.
Author(s): Alia I, de la Cal MA, Esteban A, Abella A, Ferrer R, Molina FJ, Torres A, Gordo F, Elizalde JJ, de Pablo R, Huete A, Anzueto A
Affiliation(s): Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital de Getafe, Carretera de Toledo Km 12.5, 28905 Getafe, Spain. email@example.com.
Publication date & source: 2011-11-28, Arch Intern Med., 171(21):1939-46.
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials assessing the effect of systemic corticosteroids on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations excluded patients who were mechanically ventilated or admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Critically ill patients constitute a population of persons who are prone to develop complications that are potentially associated with the use of corticosteroids (eg, infections, hyperglycemia, ICU-acquired paresis) that could prolong the duration of mechanical ventilation and even increase mortality. METHODS: A double-blind placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of systemic corticosteroid treatment in patients with an exacerbation of COPD who were receiving ventilatory support (invasive or noninvasive mechanical ventilation). A total of 354 adult patients who were admitted to the ICUs of 8 hospitals in 4 countries from July 2005 through July 2009 were screened, and 83 were randomized to receive intravenous methylprednisolone (0.5 mg/kg every 6 hours for 72 hours, 0.5 mg/kg every 12 hours on days 4 through 6, and 0.5 mg/kg/d on days 7 through 10) or placebo. The main outcome measures were duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay, and need for intubation in patients treated with noninvasive mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the groups in demographics, severity of illness, reasons for COPD exacerbation, gas exchange variables, and corticosteroid rescue treatment. Corticosteroid treatment was associated with a significant reduction in the median duration of mechanical ventilation (3 days vs 4 days; P = .04), a trend toward a shorter median length of ICU stay (6 days vs 7 days; P = .09), and significant reduction in the rate of NIV failure (0% vs 37%; P = .04). CONCLUSION: Systemic corticosteroid therapy in patients with COPD exacerbations requiring mechanical ventilation is associated with a significant increase in the success of noninvasive mechanical ventilation and a reduction in the duration of mechanical ventilation Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01281748.