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Activity of a novel Aurora kinase inhibitor against the T315I mutant form of BCR-ABL: in vitro and in vivo studies.

Author(s): Akahane D, Tauchi T, Okabe S, Nunoda K, Ohyashiki K

Affiliation(s): First Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.

Publication date & source: 2008-06, Cancer Sci., 99(6):1251-7. Epub 2008 Apr 21.

Despite promising results from clinical studies of ABL kinase inhibitors, a challenging problem that remains is the T315I mutation against which neither nilotinib nor dasatinib show significant activity. In the present study, we investigated the activity of a novel Aurora kinase inhibitor, VE-465, against leukemia cells expressing wild-type BCR-ABL or the T315I mutant form of BCR-ABL. We observed a dose-dependent reduction in the level of BCR-ABL autophosphorylation in VE-465-treated cells. Exposure to the combination of VE-465 and imatinib exerted an enhanced apoptotic effect in K562 cells. Combined treatment with VE-465 and imatinib caused more attenuation of the levels of phospho-AKT and c-Myc in K562 cells. Further, the isobologram indicated the synergistic effect of simultaneous exposure to VE-465 and imatinib in K562 cells. To assess the in vivo efficacy of VE-465, athymic nude mice were injected intravenously with BaF3 cells expressing wild-type BCR-ABL or the T315I mutant form. The vehicle-treated mice died of a condition resembling acute leukemia by 28 days; however, nearly all mice treated with VE-465 (75 mg/kg, twice daily; intraperitoneally for 14 days) survived for more than 56 days. Histopathological analysis of vehicle-treated mice revealed infiltration of the spleen. In contrast, histopathological analysis of organs from VE-465-treated mice demonstrated normal tissue architecture. Taken together, the present study shows that VE-465 exhibits a desirable therapeutic index that can reduce the in vivo growth of T315I mutant form and wild-type BCR-ABL-expressing cells in an efficacious manner.

Page last updated: 2008-06-22

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