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Efficacy, acceptability and tolerability of the combined contraceptive ring, NuvaRing, compared with an oral contraceptive containing 30 microg of ethinyl estradiol and 3 mg of drospirenone.

Author(s): Ahrendt HJ, Nisand I, Bastianelli C, Gomez MA, Gemzell-Danielsson K, Urdl W, Karskov B, Oeyen L, Bitzer J, Page G, Milsom I

Affiliation(s): Halberstadter Strasse 122, D-39112 Magdeburg, Germany. h.-j.ahrendt@t-online.de

Publication date & source: 2006-12, Contraception., 74(6):451-7. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

PURPOSE: This randomized multicenter, open-label, trial compared efficacy, acceptability, tolerability and compliance of NuvaRing with a combined oral contraceptive (COC), containing 30 microg of ethinyl estradiol (EE) and 3 mg of drospirenone. METHOD: In this 13-cycle study, 983 women were randomized and treated (intent-to-treat population) with NuvaRing or COC. RESULTS: One in-treatment pregnancy occurred with NuvaRing (Pearl Index=0.25) (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.006, 1.363) and four with the COC (Pearl Index=0.99) (95% CI: 0.269, 2.530). For both groups, compliance (89.2% NuvaRing, 85.5% COC) and satisfaction (84% NuvaRing; 87% COC) were high; the vast majority of women found NuvaRing easy to insert (96%) and remove (97%). Tolerability was similar; the most frequent adverse events with NuvaRing were related to ring use, whereas estrogen-related events were more common with the COC. CONCLUSION: NuvaRing has comparable efficacy and tolerability to a COC containing 30 microg of EE and 3 mg drospirenone. User acceptability of both methods was high.

Page last updated: 2007-02-12

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