Sex differences in the analgesic effects of ICI 182,780 and Flutamide on ureteral calculosis in rats.
Author(s): Affaitati G, Ceccarelli I, Fiorenzani P, Rossi C, Pace MC, Passavanti MB, Aurilio C, Sorda G, Danielli B, Giamberardino MA, Aloisi AM
Affiliation(s): Pathophysiology of Pain Laboratory, Ce.S.I., G. D'Annunzio Foundation, University of Chieti, via Colle dell'Ara, 66013 Chieti Scalo (Chieti), Italy.
Publication date & source: 2011-01, Horm Behav., 59(1):9-13. Epub 2010 Oct 1.
Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
To better define the involvement of gonadal hormones in the sex differences observed in experimental visceral pain, we administered antagonists of estrogen receptors (ICI 182,780 [ICI]) or androgen receptors (Flutamide [FLU]) to adult male and female rats suffering from artificial ureteral calculosis. Subjects were divided into groups and treated with one of the substances (ICI, FLU) or sweet almond oil (OIL, vehicle) for 5 days, starting 2 days before surgery. On day 3, animals underwent surgery, with half receiving an artificial calculosis (Stone) and half only a sham procedure. The animals' behavior (number and duration of ureteral crises) and blood hormone levels (estradiol and testosterone) were determined in all groups. In OIL-treated rats the number and duration of crises were higher in females than in males. The administration of ICI or FLU resulted in hormonal effects in males and behavioral effects in females. In males ICI treatment increased estradiol plasma levels and FLU increased testosterone plasma levels; in females ICI and FLU treatments both decreased the number and duration of the ureteral crises. These results, confirming previous findings of higher sensitivity of females than males to urinary tract pain, showed the modulatory effects of estrogen and androgen antagonists on the behavioral responses induced by pain but only in females. Copyright A(c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.