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Pharmacokinetics and biotransformation of orally administered oestrone sulphate and oestradiol valerate in post-menopausal women.

Author(s): Aedo AR, Landgren BM, Diczfalusy E

Affiliation(s): Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Publication date & source: 1990-11, Maturitas., 12(4):333-43.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

The pharmacokinetic properties and biotransformation of two orally active oestrogens, piperazine oestrone sulphate (PE1S, 2.5 mg/day) and oestradiol valerate (E2V, 2.0 mg/day), given alone or in combination with levonorgestrel (LNG, 250 micrograms/day) were compared in 8 post-menopausal women, using a randomized cross-over design. The end points measured in peripheral plasma included oestrone (E1), oestradiol (E2), oestriol (E3), oestrone sulphate (E1S), oestradiol sulphate (E2S) and oestriol sulphate (E3S). In addition, LNG and sex-hormone-binding globulin SHBG concentrations were also assessed. The plasma levels of E3 were invariably below the detection limit (220 pmol/l). The levels of all the other oestrogens analyzed were consistently higher and the area under the curve significantly greater (except in the case of E3S) following PE1S administration than those recorded after E2V ingestion. The terminal half-lives of the circulating oestrogens measured after PE1S administration did not differ from those found after E2V administration. After 21 days of PE1S administration (in combination with LNG for the last 10 days), the maximum levels of all the oestrogens (except those of E2) were significantly higher than those seen after the first dose. No such difference was observed after E2V administration. There was no difference between the effects of the two treatment regimens with regard to the E1/E2 ratios, but the E1/E1S ratios were significantly lower after PE1S treatment than after E2V administration. It is concluded that, compared with an equivalent dose of PE1S, daily repeated oral administration of E2V yields consistently lower peripheral plasma levels of E2 and its principal metabolites. However, in contrast to PE1S therapy, prolonged administration of E2V does not result in an accumulation of the circulating oestrogens measured.

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