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Pharmacological treatment of chronic heart failure.

Author(s): Adorisio R, De Luca L, Rossi J, Gheorghiade M

Affiliation(s): Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, Ospedale Bambino Gesu, Rome, Italy.

Publication date & source: 2006-06, Heart Fail Rev., 11(2):109-23.

Publication type: Review

Heart failure (HF) is associated with a high morbidity and mortality in the Western World. Our knowledge of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and therapy has improved dramatically during the last 20 years. Pharmacological treatment, as it stands today, is a combination of preventive and symptomatic strategies. The mainstay life-saving drugs are angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-blockers. Additional benefits are obtained when angiotensin-receptor blockers or aldosterone antagonists are added. Digitalis and/or diuretics are useful for symptom reduction. In addition, combination therapy with hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate is recommended in African Americans.

Page last updated: 2007-02-12

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