The incidence of adverse reactions following 4% septocaine (articaine) in children.
Author(s): Adewumi A, Hall M, Guelmann M, Riley J
Affiliation(s): Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2008-09, Pediatr Dent., 30(5):424-8.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report the incidence of adverse events following the use of 4% Septocaine in children. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out on children attending university-based pediatric dental clinics for restorative core under local anesthesia. Data collection included patient demographics, medical history, amount and site of injection, and treatment complexity. Follow-up telephone interviews were conducted with the parents at 3, 5, 24, and 48 hours regarding prolonged paresthesia, soft tissue injury, and pain. RESULTS: Two hundred sixty-four 2 to 14 year-olds were recruited for the study. Complete interview information was obtained from 204 patients. Prolonged paresthesia at 3 hours postinjection was reported for 40% of the population and at 5 hours for 11%. Soft tissue injury occurred in 14% of the patients at 3 hours and was found to be highest among children younger than 7 years old. The lip was the most commonly affected site for accidental injury and it was not related to injection site. Twenty percent reported postprocedural pain at 3 and 5 hours post-treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Since prolonged numbness appears to be the most frequent adverse event and occurred primarily in children younger than 7 years old, parents need to be informed and reassured accordingly.